“The Duchess of Malfi” is a well-known revenge tragedy penned by John Webster. Not only did “The Duchess of Malfi’ Webster write “The White Devil” in the convention of the revenge tragedy. After Shakespeare, if anyone has mastered the tradition of the revenge tragedy, it is John Webster.
When Martin Esslin published his book The Theater of Absurd in 1960, only then did the phrase “Theater of Absurd” become popular. The theatre of absurd illustrates an attitude and a frame of mind towards life, where human existence is a conundrum of illogical, senseless, and hopeless activity.
‘The Tempest’ is a romance written by William Shakespeare, which we can also call a tragicomedy. We cannot properly categorize Shakespeare’s plays as ‘comedy’ and ‘tragedy’ that he has written during the closing years of his dramatic career.
The term “Renaissance” denotes “rebirth”. From ‘Renaissance Man’, we think of an individual who expanded an extensive breadth of learning across various fields. Generally a renaissance man desired to absorb every branch of knowledge such as science, art, religion etc. Francis Bacon and Da Vinci are perhaps the best examples of Renaissance man. Before the Renaissance, Christian theology and religious beliefs were dominating a lot in the Middle Ages.
Christopher Marlowe gives the concept of his tragedy through his famous drama Doctor Faustus. It is said that conflict is the kernel of tragedy and the source of this conflict may be on two levels: external and internal.