The land that we now know as Britain originally belonged to Celts who had migrated from different parts of Europe such as Britain, Ireland, France and Spain. There is no exact date when they settled there.
Reformation signifies the process for giving rise to refinement or correction in an institution. From the historical perspective, Reformation is an extremely crucial movement that brought about reformed and protestant churches. Reformation first started in Germany but later it spread all over Europe during the Renaissance. The Reformation of the 16th century was the outcome of discontent with the judgments of the Catholic Church.
Renaissance was a Europe-wide intellectual and cultural movement that started in the 14th century. The exact denotation of the term ‘renaissance’ is “re-birth or re-awakening”.
Humanism began as a scholarly and artistic movement in Italy in the late fourteenth century and eventually spread across Europe. The word ‘humanism’ was mainly employed to refer to attitudes of life that were determined by the admiration of human beings and human culture as opposed to admiring God and theology.
Enlightenment was a wide academic and intellectual movement in the 18th century that promoted science and rationality and defied superstition. This intellectual movement was supported by the famous minds of Europe and America like Immanuel Kant, Rene Descartes, John Lock, Newton, Leibniz, Montesquieu, Voltaire, etc.