The Modern Period in English literature marks a significant transition in terms of aesthetic expression and cultural responses. It came into being as a direct reaction to the profound socio economic upheavals that followed World War I. This period was marked by the impact of technical developments, such as rapid industrialization and the emergence of mass media, which altered how people understood the world. This period was also marked by the disillusionment and anguish of the war. Literary conventions were abandoned during the transition from the Edwardian Era to the Modern Period, and there was a strong feeling of fragmentation that reflected the shattered post-war world. The literature of this time period is distinguished by its examination of issues like alienation, existentialism, and the quest for purpose in a world that is becoming more and more confusing and complicated.