Nigerian novelist Chinua Achebe’s first book, “Things Fall Apart”, was released in 1958. It shows life before colonization in the southeast of Nigeria and the European invasion in the late 19th century. The story centers on Okonkwo, an Igbo man who is also a champion in wrestling in his locality. The book is divided into three sections: before colonization, during colonization, and after colonization. The first section introduces Okonkwo, his parents, and the larger Igbo community while the second and third sections discuss the impact of European colonialism and Christian missionaries on them.
Gothic fiction is a literary genre that contains elements of terror, death, and romance. In literature, it is said that gothic fiction was started with Horace Walpole. Horace Walpole’s novel “The Castle of Otranto” which is regarded as the first gothic fiction in English literature was published in 1764.
“Wuthering Heights” is a famous novel written by Emily Bronte which was published in the year 1847. A question that has always confused readers and critics of “Wuthering Heights‘‘ as to why Emily Bronte decided to title her only novel, after the residence in which a limited portion of proceedings occur, in spite of being provided with such exceptional characters like Heathcliff and Catherine.
Charles Dickens’ famous novel “A Tale of Two Cities” is regarded as a historical novel that is based on the events of the French Revolution. Through this novel Dickens not only condemns the inequality and oppression caused by the old system but also reveals the terrors prolonged by the Revolution.
Characterization is considered to be the heart of a writer because characterization provides life and vigor to the entire work. If we had to take one writer who presumably attained mastery in the portrayal of characters like the great William Shakespeare, Jane Austen’s name can be named without any doubt and her 1813 novel “Pride and Prejudice” is the dominant example of that.
James Joyce’s “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man” is a forerunner of the modernist novel written in reaction to the Realist technique which was dominating in the 18th and 19th century.