William Shakespeare is one the greatest playwrights of the Elizabethan period. His most famous tragedy “Hamlet” belongs to the genre of Revenge Tragedy. The term ‘Revenge Tragedy’ takes us to Seneca who created dreadful and tragic incidents, gory actions, and yelling speeches.
James Joyce’s “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man” is a forerunner of the modernist novel written in reaction to the Realist technique which was dominating in the 18th and 19th century.
“A Tale of Two Cities” is a historical novel written by one of the famous novelists of Victorian era Charles Dickens and it was published in 1859. The title “A Tale of Two Cities” is figurative and notable as the work narrates the events happening around London and Paris, adjacent to the backdrop of the French Revolution.
It was John Dryden who gave the veneration “fatherhood of English poetry” to Chaucer in his work “Preface to the Fables: Ancient and Modern”. Similarly, Matthew Arnold eulogizes Chaucer by stating that with Chaucer our real poetry is born. Chaucer has been considered as the forerunner of versification, poetry, realism, characterization, and humor.
Aristotle’s “Poetics” is an important work in the history of English literary criticism. It was developed as an extension together with an evaluation of Plato’s “Republic”. According to Plato, mimesis was a delusion, a false copy that was far removed from reality. On the other hand, according to Aristotle, mimesis was “natural”.
Francis Bacon was a famous Essayist of the 16th century and also known as the father of English prose. The collection of his essays was also titled “Essays” which was first published in 1597 and later its second edition was published in 1812 and 1625 respectively.