Characterization is considered to be the heart of a writer because characterization provides life and vigor to the entire work. If we had to take one writer who presumably attained mastery in the portrayal of characters like the great William Shakespeare, Jane Austen’s name can be named without any doubt and her 1813 novel “Pride and Prejudice” is the dominant example of that.
Enlightenment was a wide academic and intellectual movement in the 18th century that promoted science and rationality and defied superstition. This intellectual movement was supported by the famous minds of Europe and America like Immanuel Kant, Rene Descartes, John Lock, Newton, Leibniz, Montesquieu, Voltaire, etc.
James Joyce’s “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man” is a forerunner of the modernist novel written in reaction to the Realist technique which was dominating in the 18th and 19th century.
“A Tale of Two Cities” is a historical novel written by one of the famous novelists of Victorian era Charles Dickens and it was published in 1859. The title “A Tale of Two Cities” is figurative and notable as the work narrates the events happening around London and Paris, adjacent to the backdrop of the French Revolution.
It was John Dryden who gave the veneration “fatherhood of English poetry” to Chaucer in his work “Preface to the Fables: Ancient and Modern”. Similarly, Matthew Arnold eulogizes Chaucer by stating that with Chaucer our real poetry is born. Chaucer has been considered as the forerunner of versification, poetry, realism, characterization, and humor.
Aristotle’s “Poetics” is an important work in the history of English literary criticism. It was developed as an extension together with an evaluation of Plato’s “Republic”. According to Plato, mimesis was a delusion, a false copy that was far removed from reality. On the other hand, according to Aristotle, mimesis was “natural”.